Parthian’s clothing

The photo can be found here

Parthians ruled Persia, which is modern day Iran.  The Parthian period was 250 b.c.e.-224 c.e.  We don’t know much about Parthian clothing.  The only reason we know about their clothing is artifacts they left  behind such as coins, pictures, and carvings.    Most of the information on Parthian clothing is guessed based on artifacts.  Some important artifacts are a bronze figure from Shami, a relief from Bard-e Nesanda, Achamenid reliefs at Persepolis, sculptures from Kuzestan, and on coins of the Arsacid kings.  They were the only empire to be combatants to the Romans and kidnap a Roman Emperor.  Parthians mostly wore baggy  trousers, tunics with belts, jackets and boots. These same styles are still used  today.

Parthians were the ones to invent the trousers.  Trousers were much more popular back then.  Before they invented trousers, they wore robes or kilts.  The reason they had baggy clothes is they had no elastic so they needed room for their legs to move.  Trousers were invented by the Parthians because they were horsemen, and when you ride a horse with a kilt it will be blowing in your face showing off your crotch.  They also needed pants to steer their horses because they had no stirrups.  If you wore a kilt on a horse, you would get pony rash.  Their trousers helped make them excellent horsemen.  Trousers were made of cotton, linen or wool fabric.  They wore many-folded trousers held up by garters.  They used garters because they did not have elastic bands or drawstrings.
Tunic is a fancy word for shirt.  Tunics fitted well with trousers.  Parthian tunics were designed for archery and horseback riding at the same time.  Tunics allowed the Parthians to be combatants with the Romans.  They had tight sleeves so their arms would not be caught in their bows. They made tunics from cotton and silk.  The neck holes were big and v-shaped. They would usually design with one color. The most designed part of the shirt is the neck line.   It was decorated with patterns with diagonals and diamonds.  They needed belts to hold the tunic in place so it would not be flopping around while they ride their horses.  Belts were usually made from leather and metal.  They  had multiple medallions on their belts archaeologists think.   Kings would usually wear gold belts.  Belts would usually hold knives and quivers.  Belts had designs as well.  Parthians used belts because they didn’t have buttons.
Parthian jackets were often a lot like tunics.  They were short and fitted.  They were usually worn with a belt. This was probably the one for riding horses. The other type of Parthian jacket was a knee length fur coat.  This was probably not for riding horses, because it was worn loosely. The only piece of Parthian clothing that they found was a fur jacket that had sleeves too small to wear.  So archeologists think that they draped it over their shoulders.
Hats, weapons and boots were important to Parthian clothing.  Parthian hats were soft and warm looking.  They look like a snow hat. They would have flaps on their hats to keep their ears warm.  That the hats were made out of wool.  Parthians had bushy hair.  I think they wore the hats to keep their hair out of their face while riding their horses.

The main weapons  they used were bows and arrows.   The main reasons the Parthians were so awesome to me is that they could stand up on their horses and shoot their bow and they didn’t use stirrups! They could also steer their horses with their feet.   The Parthians may have wrapped linen around their bows.  Their bows and arrows were probably made out of a desert tree wood. The arrows were kept in quivers with designs. The quivers  were attached to their belts.  Parthian boots were made out of leather.  They were soft and flexible.  There were no shoe laces.  Instead they had straps with buckles around their ankles.
Parthians were amazing archers on horseback.   The Parthians created comfortable clothing that is still worn often nowadays. They made excellent clothing.

Bibliography

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parthian_Empire#Clothing_and_apparel
ttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parthian_Empire#Origins_and_establishment
http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/clothing-iii